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Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy is a specific, medical procedure that must be performed by properly trained, medical professionals in accordance with the strict protocols developed after extensive research by Charles Farr, M.D., Ph.D. Failure to comply with the protocols developed and perfected by Dr. Farr can result in problems with the veins. When properly performed, Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy is comfortable, safe and effective. Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy has a cumulative effect so that each treatment builds on and enhances the effects of previous treatments. For acute infections, frequent treatment may be necessary initially.

Be aware that many medical professionals are unfamiliar with how hydrogen peroxide is safely and effectively used in intravenous therapy. Some have been misinformed that such use will result in creation of a gas embolism which might cause a stroke as a result of gas bubbles traveling to the brain. Others believe that hydrogen peroxide can lead to uncontrolled production of free radicals that can contribute to disease. These opinions are erroneous and are based on misinformation and ignorance of the scientific facts and clinical reality. Competent medical professionals will always be open minded and willing to evaluate new knowledge. Medicine is a continually evolving science and art. A few medical professionals will express negative opinions about Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy because they have heard that Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy can damage a person’s veins. As with any intravenous procedure, this is possible but it can only occur if Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy is not performed according to the correct protocol or by properly trained medical professionals.

 Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy is the intravenous infusion of a solution containing dilute, medical grade hydrogen peroxide and other nutrients that can help resolve degenerative health problems or infections.

Hydrogen peroxide, which is referred to chemically as H2O2, is a compound of two atoms of hydrogen and two atoms of oxygen. Hydrogen peroxide is produced in abundance by almost every cell in the human body, and is involved in many different physiologic processes. Most people are familiar with hydrogen peroxide as an antiseptic, disinfectant and bleaching agent. However, hydrogen peroxide can also be administered by intravenous infusion to help improve a wide range of health conditions. H2O2 is both an effective Oxygenator and a powerful Oxidizer. Oxygenation is the increase and utilization of oxygen at the cellular level. Oxygenators increase the oxygen content of the blood and improve uptake and utilization by cells. Oxidation refers to the process in which there is a transfer of electrons between two or more molecules. Oxidizers are essential to life. Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizer and is essential within the body for the process of life. H2O2 is used therapeutically as part of Bio-oxidative medicine.

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Many studies have shown that intravenous Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy will kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and has also been shown to destroy certain tumors. Although more research needs to be done, H2O2 can be considered a universal agent which can almost always be tried for an illness, often with remarkable success.

Dr. Farr summarized the therapeutic potential in simple terms. “No distinct group of patients or classifications of disease at this time can be considered the ‘proper selections.’ Since intravenous infusions of hydrogen peroxide provide oxygenation to highly toxic tissue, kill or inhibit certain bacteria, yeast, viruses, protozoa and parasites, and, since it has a stimulatory effect on the immune system, many different pathological conditions seem to respond to intravenous peroxide therapy.”

Clearly, Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy can be an effective part of an overall strategy to reestablish health. Consider Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy for the following conditions:

  • Acute and chronic bacterial problems
  • Acute and chronic viral problems including influenza, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, Ebstein-Barr and HIV
  • Fungal or yeast problems such as systemic candidiasis
  • Parasites
  • Asthma
  • COPD – Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Emphysema
  • Bronchitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Cerebral vascular disease
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Angina (coronary spasm)
  • Arrhythmias
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Parkinsonism
  • Headaches – migraine, cluster, vascular
  • Chronic pain syndromes
  • Pollen, food and environmental allergies

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The Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy procedure is simple. Medical grade hydrogen peroxide is mixed with normal saline and a few other essential nutrients to protect the veins, according to the protocol developed by Dr. Farr. This combination is administered slowly, by intravenous infusion, over 90 to 120 minutes. During and after the procedure, many people experience a sense of well being or a gentle floating sensation. Some, with lung problems, experience a mild “fizzy” sensation in their chest. Since your blood contains more oxygen during and immediately after Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy, some people notice improved skin color. If your blood was drawn at this time it would appear more bright red than usual due to the increased oxygen content. You may leave the clinic after completion of the Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy. Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy will not interfere with your ability to drive.

Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy is a specific, medical procedure that must be performed by properly trained, medical professionals in accordance with the strict protocols developed after extensive research by Charles Farr, M.D., Ph.D. Failure to comply with the protocols developed and perfected by Dr. Farr can result in problems with the veins. When properly performed, Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy is comfortable, safe and effective. Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy has a cumulative effect so that each treatment builds on and enhances the effects of previous treatments. For acute infections, frequent treatment may be necessary initially.

Be aware that many medical professionals are unfamiliar with how hydrogen peroxide is safely and effectively used in intravenous therapy. Some have been misinformed that such use will result in creation of a gas embolism which might cause a stroke as a result of gas bubbles traveling to the brain. Others believe that hydrogen peroxide can lead to uncontrolled production of free radicals that can contribute to disease. These opinions are erroneous and are based on misinformation and ignorance of the scientific facts and clinical reality. Competent medical professionals will always be open minded and willing to evaluate new knowledge. Medicine is a continually evolving science and art. A few medical professionals will express negative opinions about Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy because they have heard that Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy can damage a person’s veins. As with any intravenous procedure, this is possible but it can only occur if Hydrogen Peroxide Therapy is not performed according to the correct protocol or by properly trained medical professionals.Ozone Therapy involves the administration of medical grade ozone gas by a variety of means into a person. Ozone, which is referred to chemically as O3, is composed of three atoms of oxygen. Ozone is a powerful Oxygenator and Oxidizer and is used to improve health as one of the proven and safe therapies in Bio-oxidative Medicine. Oxygenation is the increase and utilization of oxygen at the cellular level. Oxygenators increase the oxygen content of the blood and improve uptake and utilization by cells. Oxidation refers to the process in which there is a transfer of electrons between two or more molecules. Oxidizers are essential to life. Ozone is a powerful oxidizer that can kill a wide variety of viruses, bacteria and fungi as well as neutralize many toxins.

Ozone is used to purify water for municipal water systems around the world and also for swimming pools. Ozone has been proven to effectively purify human blood supplies for transfusions. Ozone therapy has been used in medicine and dentistry throughout the world for almost a century. Intravenous Ozone Therapy was first used by German surgeon Dr. Erwin Payr in 1945. Since then, over a thousand articles about the medical use of ozone have been published in medical and scientific journals around the world.

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The range of human health problems that can respond favorably to ozone therapy is very broad. Ozone is added to blood for infusion in Major Autohemotherapy to help fight systemic infections and correct chronic, degenerative health problems. Ozone can be added to the injections used in Prolotherapy to help regenerate ligament, cartilage and tendon tissues in joints throughout the body. And, ozone can be administered or injected into local areas of the body to aid in fighting infections.

Ozone Therapy is a specific, medical procedure that must be performed by properly trained, medical professionals in accordance with strict protocols. When properly performed, Ozone Therapy is safe and effective. Some discomfort may be experienced when ozone is injected into tissue but intravenous Ozone Therapy is quite comfortable. You may leave the clinic after completion of Ozone Therapy. Ozone Therapy will not interfere with your ability to drive.Major Autohemotherapy involves the injection of medical grade ozone gas into blood drawn from a person. The ozone is allowed to mix with the blood for a period of time. The ozonated blood is then intravenously infused back into the same person. The ozonated blood will be a much brighter red color than the drawn blood. This is because the blood has been Oygenated. Major Autohemotherapy is another term used to describe Ozone Therapy when it is applied to the blood.

It appears that when ozone is injected into the treated sample of blood it destroys any pathogens and when it is injected back into the person it has the effect of an autogenous (self-generated) vaccine.

Major Autohemotherapy is a specific, medical procedure that must be performed by properly trained, medical professionals in accordance with strict protocols. When properly performed, Major Autohemotherapy is comfortable, safe and effective. Major Autohemotherapy has a cumulative effect so that each treatment builds on and enhances the effects of previous treatments. For acute infections, frequent treatment may be necessary initially.

Since your blood contains more oxygen during and immediately after Major Autohemotherapy, some people notice improved skin color. If your blood was drawn at this time it would appear more bright red than usual due to the increased oxygen content. You may leave the clinic after completion of the Major Autohemotherapy. Major Autohemotherapy will not interfere with your ability to drive.

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Major Autohemotherapy is often combined with Ultraviolet Blood Irradiation (UVBI) which synergistically amplifies the effectiveness of both therapies.Chelation Therapy involves the use of chelating substances to eliminate toxic metals from the body. Toxic metals include elements like mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic and uranium or other elements that interfere with almost all healthy bodily functions and contribute to many diseases. Chelating substances bind with the toxic elements so that the substances can be detoxified by the liver and eliminated from the body through the kidneys (urine) and intestines (feces). Some chelating substances, such as EDTA and DMPS are administered by intravenous infusion or push. Other chelating substances, such as DMSA, are taken orally. Each chelating substance has a different chemical affinity or binding ability with each toxic element. Therefore, different chelating substances are used depending on the circumstances.

Elimination of toxic metals from the body using Chelation Therapy must be achieved slowly and carefully, and according to a strategy determined by a trained medical professional. This strategy must take into account the individual patient’s ability to detoxify and eliminate the chelated toxic metals. Otherwise, the health condition can be aggravated.

Before beginning chelation therapy, it is essential to establish whether or not toxic metals are an issue. This is a simple, relatively inexpensive procedure. After administration of a provoking agent (chelating agent), urine is collected for a specific period of time and sent to a lab for analysis. If a higher than normal level of a toxic metal is discovered in the provoked urine test, this is an indication that chelation therapy may be a necessary part of an overall strategy to restore health.

There is evidence that chelation therapy, using an intravenous infusion of Disodium EDTA, may help reduce atherosclerotic plaque in the blood vessels. This can be beneficial for many problems relating to the circulatory system.

Chelation Therapy is a specific, medical procedure that must be performed by properly trained, medical professionals in accordance with strict protocols. When properly performed, Chelation Therapy is comfortable, safe and effective. Chelation Therapy has a cumulative effect so that each treatment builds on and enhances the effects of previous treatments. You may leave the clinic after completion of the Chelation Therapy. Chelation Therapy will not interfere with your ability to drive.High Dose Vitamin C IV Therapy involves the intravenous infusion of high doses of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). The initial dose may be 15 or 25 grams and, if this is well tolerated, which is almost always the case, the dose is increased to 50 grams. In some cases the dose may be increased to 75 or 100 grams, or more.

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New Health Insight is the premier center for integrative medicine and biological dentistry.

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New Health Insight provides advanced, proven healthcare such as: natural thyroid medication for improved energy, bioidentical hormone therapy to help both men and women maintain their youthful vigor, chelation therapy to eliminate toxic metals and improve circulation and prolotherapy to regenerate joints or help resolve chronic pain.

At New Health Insight you will find the best in bio-oxidative medicine. Procedures include hydrogen peroxide IVs and ozone therapy.

The Health care providers at New Health Insight are also highly skilled in high dose vitamin C IV therapy and ultraviolet blood irradiation (UVBI).

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For safe mercury amalgam removal and non surgical laser periodontal therapy, New Health Insight provides cutting-edge care.

The doctors at New Health Insight are dedicated to taking the time with you, to determine how to get you feeling healthier. And, they know how to do it.

At NHI we promote health and wellness by treating the whole person with state-of-the-art integrative medicine and biological dentistry. We are committed to excellence in healthcare.Prolotherapy involves injection of any substance that promotes or stimulates the growth of normal cells and tissue, especially ligaments, tendons and cartilage, thereby regenerating and strengthening the lax or weakened tissue and alleviating musculoskeletal pain. “Prolo” is short for proliferation (propagation, generation). Prolotherapy is now commonly referred to a Regenerative Injection Therapy (RIT).

Prolotherapy focuses on repairing and optimizing the structure and function of tendons and ligaments. A tendon attaches a muscle to the bone and is involved in movement of the joint. A ligament connects two bones and is involved in the stability of the joint. A strain is defined as a stretched or injured tendon and a sprain is a stretched or injured ligament. When ligaments or tendons are injured, the immune system is stimulated to repair the injured area. Ligaments and tendons generally have a poor blood supply and so incomplete healing is common after an injury. When the ligaments and tendons become lax and weak, the joint becomes unstable and chronic pain results.

With regard to trauma and injury, the greatest stress to the ligaments and tendons is where they attach to the bone, the fibro-osseous junction. With regard to pain, the periosteum (covering of the bone) and the ligaments are the most sensitive structures. With regard to the scale of pain sensitivity (which part of the body hurts more when injured), the periosteum ranks first, followed by the ligaments, tendons, fascia (tissue that surrounds muscle) and finally muscle. Cartilage contains no sensory nerve endings and therefore the cartilage cannot hurt because it contains no pain sensing nerves. If there is cartilage damage, the ligaments are typically the structures that hurt.

Conventional Prolotherapy involves injecting a mild irritant solution referred to as a proliferant. The most common proliferant is a solution of dextrose (sugar water) combined with procaine, a commonly used local anesthetic. Sometimes lidocaine is used instead of procaine. Most commonly, the injections are given into a joint capsule (elbow, shoulder, knee, ankle, spine, etc.) or where a lax, weakened or damaged ligament or tendon attaches to bone. Prolotherapy works by exactly the same process that the human body naturally uses to stimulate the bodys healing response. The first stage of this process is called inflammation. The Prolotherapy injection causes a local inflammation. The local inflammation triggers a healing cascade which stimulates fibroblasts, the cells from which connective tissue is developed. Activation of the fibroblasts results in the deposition of new collagen, the strong, fibrous, insoluble protein from which ligaments, tendons and cartilage are made. The new collagen regenerates cartilage in the joint and strengthens the ligaments and tendons and their attachments to the bone. New collagen shrinks as it matures. The shrinking collagen tightens the ligament or tendon that was injected. The result is improved stability and function, and resolution of pain.

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The response to treatment varies from individual to individual, and depends upon ones healing ability. Some people experience localized swelling, inflammation and pain around the injection site that resolves over the following few days. Others experience no discomfort. Some people may only need a few treatments while others may need 10 or more. A typical course of therapy is six to ten treatments, sometimes with multiple injections during each treatment. Treatment is usually repeated every four to six weeks.

Injections of irritant solutions were performed in the late 1800’s to repair hernias and in the early 1900’s for jaw pain due to TMJ (jaw) joint laxity. George Hackett, MD developed the technique of prolotherapy in the 1940’s. Dr. Gustav Hemwall was a pioneer in prolotherapy, beginning his studies and treatments in the 1950’s and continuing until the mid 1990s. In his study of almost 10,000 prolotherapy cases, Dr. Hackett found that over 99 percent of the patients found relief from their chronic pain.

Recent advancements in prolotherapy by doctors of oriental medicine, certified for expanded practice in New Mexico, have improved outcomes. The addition of pharmaceutical grade vitamins, minerals, homeopathic medicines, and natural medicines to the Prolotherapy injection solution improves the regeneration of the ligaments, tendons and cartilage. Sometimes ozone is used for prolotherapy which helps eliminate chronic localized pathogens that can contribute to joint instability, dysfunction and pain. Often the dextrose is unnecessary. This is a real advantage for sensitive people who are more prone to inflammation and pain. It also makes Prolotherapy possible for those with hardware (screws, rods, joint replacements, etc.) near the injection site since the presence of such hardware is a contraindication for conventional Prolotherapy using an irritant like dextrose.

Prolotherapy can be helpful for:

Musculoskeletal pain

Arthritis

Back pain

Sacroiliac sprain

Sciatica

Neck pain

Fibromyalgia

Sports injuries

Knee injuries and pain

Shoulder injuries and pain

Rotator cuff tears or syndrome

Elbow injuries and pain

Tennis or golfers elbow

Tendonitis

Ankle injuries and pain

Whiplash

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Chronic tendonitis

Partially torn tendons

Ligaments and cartilage

Degenerative disk disease

Herniated discs

TMJ

Sciatica

Cartilage injury

Cluster headache

Migraine headache

Headache

Heel spurs

Hip Degeneration

PolioNeural Therapy involves the injection of procaine (also known by its trademark name Novocain), a common local anesthetic, into various but very specific areas to reduce pain and improve health. Local anesthetics are drugs that normally cause numbness or reduce pain. The practice of neural therapy is based on the understanding that energy flows freely throughout the body of a healthy person. Injury, trauma, disease, infection, poor nutrition, stress, and even scar tissue disrupt this flow, produce longstanding disturbances in the electrochemical function of tissues and create energy imbalances called “interference fields.”

Neural Therapy injections are administered to eliminate the interference and restore the bodys natural energy flow. The injections may be administered subcutaneously (just below the skin) in specified patterns, into nerves, acupuncture points, glands, scars, and trigger points. Deep injections are sometimes administered into an autonomic nerve ganglia (a cluster of nervous tissue) or plexus (a network of nerves). Key points that may be far from the pain source may be used. The goal of neural therapy is to correct the interference and heal the illness or symptom.

When optimally performed, if an interference field is injected with a local anesthetic a “flash phenomenon” or “Huneke phenomenon” occurs. An immediate change in the symptoms is the result. While the concept of the flash phenomenon is what defines the method, in practice it is the use of local anesthetics, preferably but not exclusively procaine. Procaine can optimize the bioelectric charge across cell walls and this improves movement of nutrients into the cell and waste products out.

Neural Therapy should not be confused with the nerve blocks and local anesthesia used in conventional medicine. Nerve blocks involve injections of medication to relieve pain caused by stimulation of a peripheral nerve. Local anesthesia is medication given at a local site to relieve localized pain. For example, a local anesthetic may be given before a tooth is removed or before removing a small skin lesion.

Generally, response to treatment varies for each individual but can be dramatic with sudden improvement of long lasting ailments, accompanied by autonomous reactions such as sweating and at times an emotional release such as compulsory laughter or weeping.

Neural Therapy was originally developed by Ferdinand Huneke, a German surgeon during the first half of the twentieth century.Trigger Point Therapy involves the injection of procaine (a local anesthetic) into trigger points, with the intention of causing a twitch response, to help relieve pain and tension in muscles. Trigger points are hyperirritable spots in skeletal muscle that are associated with palpable nodules in taut bands of muscle fibers. The palpable nodules are small contraction knots and a common cause of pain. Compression of a trigger point may elicit local tenderness, referred pain, or motor dysfunction.

Janet G. Travell, M.D., was responsible for the most detailed and important work on Trigger Point Therapy and her text books define the practice. Her work treating US President John F. Kennedy’s back pain was so successful that she was asked to be the first female Personal Physician to the President.

The main innovation of Dr. Travells work was the introduction of the concept of myofascial pain syndrome. Myofascial refers to the combination of muscle and fascia. Fascia is the thin layer of connective tissue covering, supporting, or connecting the muscles or inner organs of the body. Myofascial pain syndrome is described as a focal hyperirritability in muscle that can strongly modulate central nervous system functions. It is distinguished from fibromyalgia, which is characterized by widespread pain and tenderness and is described as a central increase of perception of pain (nociception), giving rise to deep tissue tenderness that includes muscles. Studies estimate that in 75 to 95 per cent of cases, myofascial pain is a primary cause of regional pain. Myofascial pain is associated with muscle tenderness that arises from trigger points. Trigger points are focal points of tenderness, a few millimeters in diameter, found at multiple sites in a muscle and the fascia of muscle tissue. Biopsy tests found that trigger points were hyperirritable and electrically active muscle spindles in general muscle tissue.

Dr. Travell discovered that trigger points have a number of qualities. They may be classified as active or latent, key or satellite and primary or secondary. An active trigger point is one that actively refers pain either locally or to another location. Most trigger points refer pain elsewhere in the body along nerve pathways. A latent trigger point is one that exists, but does not yet refer pain actively, but may do so when pressure or strain is applied to the myofascial structure containing the trigger point. A key trigger point is one that has a pain referral pattern along a nerve pathway that activates a latent trigger point on the pathway, or creates it. A satellite trigger point is one which is activated by a key trigger point. Successfully treating the key trigger point often will resolve the satellite trigger point and change it from being active to latent, or completely resolving it. In contrast, a primary trigger point in many cases will biomechanically activate a secondary trigger point in another structure. Treating the primary trigger point does not treat the secondary trigger point.

The following factors may cause or activate trigger points: acute or chronic muscle overload, activation by other trigger points (key/satellite, primary/secondary), disease, infection, radiculopathy (any disease of a nerve root), direct trauma to the region, homeostatic imbalances, psycho-emotional disorders and unhealthy lifestyle choices.

Trigger points can result when muscular overload causes a prolonged release of Ca2+ ion (calcium) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (storage unit for the muscle cell) which results in a sticking of the untrained or overloaded cells. This leads to a compression of capillaries (tiny blood vessels) and results in an increased local energy demand and local ischemia (loss of blood circulation) to the area. This “energy crisis” causes the release of chemicals that augment pain activity. Since an involved muscle is weakened by this sustained shortening, surrounding muscles themselves may develop trigger points in a compensatory fashion.

Trigger points can appear in many myofascial structures including muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, joint capsules, periosteum (membrane that covers the bones) and scar tissue. When present in muscles there is often pain and weakness in the associated structures. These pain patterns in muscles follow specific nerve pathways or zones of referred pain and have been mapped for identification of the causative pain factor. Many trigger points have pain patterns that overlap, and some create reciprocal cyclic relationships that need to be treated extensively to remove them.

Trigger points are diagnosed by examining signs, symptoms, pain patterns and by manual palpation. Usually there is a taut band in muscles containing trigger points, and a hard nodule can be felt. Pressing on an affected muscle can often refer pain. Clusters of trigger points are not uncommon in some of the larger muscles. Often a twitch response can be felt in the muscle by running your finger perpendicular to the muscles direction. This twitch response often activates the “all or nothing” response in a muscle that causes it to immediately contract followed by relaxation.

Traditionally, Trigger Point Therapy involved injecting procaine into the trigger points with the intention to elicit a twitch response to resolve the trigger point. Also, procaine can optimize the bioelectric charge across cell walls and this improves movement of nutrients into the cell and waste products out. Treating trigger points may also be accomplished by injecting other substances (saline, lidocaine) into the trigger point, inserting a needle into the trigger point without injecting anything (dry-needling), deep massage (myofascial release) and by spray and stretch techniques in which a topical refrigerant is sprayed to temporarily numb the skin surface at a specific area, after which the muscles of the area are methodically stretched.Trigger Point Therapy involves the injection of procaine (a local anesthetic) into trigger points, with the intention of causing a twitch response, to help relieve pain and tension in muscles. Trigger points are hyperirritable spots in skeletal muscle that are associated with palpable nodules in taut bands of muscle fibers. The palpable nodules are small contraction knots and a common cause of pain. Compression of a trigger point may elicit local tenderness, referred pain, or motor dysfunction.

Janet G. Travell, M.D., was responsible for the most detailed and important work on Trigger Point Therapy and her text books define the practice. Her work treating US President John F. Kennedy’s back pain was so successful that she was asked to be the first female Personal Physician to the President.

The main innovation of Dr. Travells work was the introduction of the concept of myofascial pain syndrome. Myofascial refers to the combination of muscle and fascia. Fascia is the thin layer of connective tissue covering, supporting, or connecting the muscles or inner organs of the body. Myofascial pain syndrome is described as a focal hyperirritability in muscle that can strongly modulate central nervous system functions. It is distinguished from fibromyalgia, which is characterized by widespread pain and tenderness and is described as a central increase of perception of pain (nociception), giving rise to deep tissue tenderness that includes muscles. Studies estimate that in 75 to 95 per cent of cases, myofascial pain is a primary cause of regional pain. Myofascial pain is associated with muscle tenderness that arises from trigger points. Trigger points are focal points of tenderness, a few millimeters in diameter, found at multiple sites in a muscle and the fascia of muscle tissue. Biopsy tests found that trigger points were hyperirritable and electrically active muscle spindles in general muscle tissue.

Dr. Travell discovered that trigger points have a number of qualities. They may be classified as active or latent, key or satellite and primary or secondary. An active trigger point is one that actively refers pain either locally or to another location. Most trigger points refer pain elsewhere in the body along nerve pathways. A latent trigger point is one that exists, but does not yet refer pain actively, but may do so when pressure or strain is applied to the myofascial structure containing the trigger point. A key trigger point is one that has a pain referral pattern along a nerve pathway that activates a latent trigger point on the pathway, or creates it. A satellite trigger point is one which is activated by a key trigger point. Successfully treating the key trigger point often will resolve the satellite trigger point and change it from being active to latent, or completely resolving it. In contrast, a primary trigger point in many cases will biomechanically activate a secondary trigger point in another structure. Treating the primary trigger point does not treat the secondary trigger point.

The following factors may cause or activate trigger points: acute or chronic muscle overload, activation by other trigger points (key/satellite, primary/secondary), disease, infection, radiculopathy (any disease of a nerve root), direct trauma to the region, homeostatic imbalances, psycho-emotional disorders and unhealthy lifestyle choices.

Trigger points can result when muscular overload causes a prolonged release of Ca2+ ion (calcium) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (storage unit for the muscle cell) which results in a sticking of the untrained or overloaded cells. This leads to a compression of capillaries (tiny blood vessels) and results in an increased local energy demand and local ischemia (loss of blood circulation) to the area. This “energy crisis” causes the release of chemicals that augment pain activity. Since an involved muscle is weakened by this sustained shortening, surrounding muscles themselves may develop trigger points in a compensatory fashion.

Trigger points can appear in many myofascial structures including muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, joint capsules, periosteum (membrane that covers the bones) and scar tissue. When present in muscles there is often pain and weakness in the associated structures. These pain patterns in muscles follow specific nerve pathways or zones of referred pain and have been mapped for identification of the causative pain factor. Many trigger points have pain patterns that overlap, and some create reciprocal cyclic relationships that need to be treated extensively to remove them.

Trigger points are diagnosed by examining signs, symptoms, pain patterns and by manual palpation. Usually there is a taut band in muscles containing trigger points, and a hard nodule can be felt. Pressing on an affected muscle can often refer pain. Clusters of trigger points are not uncommon in some of the larger muscles. Often a twitch response can be felt in the muscle by running your finger perpendicular to the muscles direction. This twitch response often activates the “all or nothing” response in a muscle that causes it to immediately contract followed by relaxation.

Traditionally, Trigger Point Therapy involved injecting procaine into the trigger points with the intention to elicit a twitch response to resolve the trigger point. Also, procaine can optimize the bioelectric charge across cell walls and this improves movement of nutrients into the cell and waste products out. Treating trigger points may also be accomplished by injecting other substances (saline, lidocaine) into the trigger point, inserting a needle into the trigger point without injecting anything (dry-needling), deep massage (myofascial release) and by spray and stretch techniques in which a topical refrigerant is sprayed to temporarily numb the skin surface at a specific area, after which the muscles of the area are methodically stretched.Mesotherapy is a non-surgical, cosmetic procedure. Mesotherapy employs multiple injections of pharmaceutical and homeopathic medications, plant extracts, vitamins, and other ingredients into the subcutaneous fat. Mesotherapy injections target adipose fat cells, apparently by inducing rupture and cell death among fat cells, thereby reducing cellulite and fat. It is called mesotherapy because the injections go under the skin and are absorbed by the mesodermal (middle) layer of skin.

Homeopathic Medicine involves prescribing for a patient with symptoms of an illness, extremely small doses of the substances that produce the same symptoms in healthy people when exposed to larger quantities. A homeopathic medicine is prepared by diluting the substance in a series of steps. The homeopathic remedy will retain a “memory” of the diluted substance and the therapeutic potency of a remedy can be increased by serial dilution combined with succussion, or vigorous shaking. Many homeopathic medicines are so highly diluted that no molecules of the original substance remain after dilution. Even so, homeopathic remedies have proven to be effective for a very wide range of health problems.

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